By Hidemitsu Takahashi
1. checklist of figures, graphics; 2. record of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. advent, p1-20; 6. 2. looking at English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The which means of the English valuable, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for a number of the findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined principal buildings: Passive, innovative, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. eastern imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and clients, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. facts assets, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242
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Additional info for A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : with special reference to Japanese imperatives
G. You leave! ); and topicalization applies only when there is no overt subject (*That book, you read! 1 This chapter attempts to clarify a totally different array of distinctive grammatical or syntactic features of the imperative, which can only be found by closely observing the actual usage. The aims of this chapter are two-fold: (i) to identify a class of verbs that occur most frequently in the English imperative; and (ii) to make generalizations about preferred ways in which these frequently occurring verbs in imperatives are used.
Genre differences across four stories also need to be called into question. 7% = 42 out of 49 tokens) if compared with The Pelican Brief (48% = 25 out of 52 tokens) (cf. Table 2-3). I suspect the result obtained is in large part attributable to the fact that a great majority of dialogues in The Decep tion are highly technical in nature, involving specialists in highly specialized settings (such as law firms, law court and hospital rooms), in which communicators include attorneys (with clients and/or witnesses as addressees) and judges (with attorneys and/or witnesses as addressees), as well as doctors and nurses (with patients as addressees).
Table 2-3. 8%) were let’s-imperatives followed by verbal response. 2%), there was no verbal response. 2% of imperatives with let’s were accompanied by verbal response (41 out of 120 tokens). At least two distinct patterns can be recognized in which no verbal response follows a let’s-imperative. First, the let’s-imperative is used as a prologue to the conversation that immediately follows. It announces to the addressee how the speaker is going to discuss the subject or what the speaker begins to talk about: Gray threw the ticket on the floorboard.