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Download e-book for kindle: A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's by John R. Bentley

By John R. Bentley

The oldest written level of the japanese language varieties the topic of John Bentley's vital quantity. The underlying texts (also provided the following) are these of the non secular liturgies (norito) and imperial edicts (A.D. 685). half one offers with the liturgies, the writing process, texts, and phonology and the relationship challenge. the most chapters of the ebook are an outline of nominals, verbs, verbal suffixes, auxiliary verbs, debris, and conjunctions. A bankruptcy at the lexicon, detailing many hapax legomena and engaging phrases, makes this right into a significant reference paintings on early jap.

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Extra info for A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's Japanese Studies Library)

Example text

Consider what Jidai betsu kokugo daijiten says (Omodaka et al. 1967:884), There are new and old liturgies. Generally, norito developed along with the rituals of festivals, and have an ancient origin, having been presented to successive rulers (emperors) at their first fruit [ascension] festivals, so there is sufficient evidence for scholars to believe the liturgies are old. The editors then believe the liturgies to be composed of material from the Asuka (672-694), Fujiwara (694-710), and into the Nara (710-784) eras.

Consider what Jidai betsu kokugo daijiten says (Omodaka et al. 1967:884), There are new and old liturgies. Generally, norito developed along with the rituals of festivals, and have an ancient origin, having been presented to successive rulers (emperors) at their first fruit [ascension] festivals, so there is sufficient evidence for scholars to believe the liturgies are old. The editors then believe the liturgies to be composed of material from the Asuka (672-694), Fujiwara (694-710), and into the Nara (710-784) eras.

This is clear because the name Kura Atae , a low ranking group at Temmu's court, appears at the beginning, and he is writing to someone with the surname of Urabe . This tablet is actually a letter, 10 I have augmented the characters Aoki et al. could not read according to Hirakawa and Konoshi (1999:15). 14 CHAPTER TWO written to a servant of the writer. There is nothing imperial or religious about it. It is simply a message outlining how an elementary matter should be discharged. This concrete example shows that this writing style was used in everyday life, later evolving into a form used in both imperial edicts and liturgies.

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