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Download e-book for kindle: A Grammar of Hinuq by Forker, Diana

By Forker, Diana

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Additional resources for A Grammar of Hinuq

Sample text

LA LDA lit. N obl. P R S STIM T tr. 1. 1. Hinuq speakers and their village Hinuq is one of the smallest Nakh-Daghestanian languages. It is the native language of about 600 people. The great majority of them live in the village of Hinuq in the southwestern part of Daghestan. About 30 households with a total of more than 100 members live in the village of Monastirski in the north of Daghestan near the town of Kizljar, and their number is growing. A few other Hinuq speakers live in Shamkhal near the Daghestanian capital Makhachkala, in Makhachkala, and in various other places in Daghestan.

The only Hinuq example generally cited in the literature is the adjective -Ü eži ‘big, old’ (cf. Bokarev (1959: 112), Lomtadze (1963: 23), Imnajšvili (1963: 19), Kibrik & Kodzasov (1990: 330)). Only Khalilov & Isakov (2005) mention in addition a few more words that are also claimed to have pharyngealized vowels: Ü aši/Üaši ‘much, many, often’, gÜ aqi ‘bad’, Ü og ‘thigh’ and some more. However, most of these words are clearly not pharyngealized in my material. Looking at my own corpus, I found the native Hinuq words given in (20), which show some kind of pharyngealization.

Ejectives are quite forceful. Therefore, the contrast between pulmonic consonants and ejectives is easily audible. All velar and uvular consonants occur in plain and labialized form. The syllable structure of native Hinuq words is CV(:/y)(C). Stress is not a particularly important category in Hinuq grammar and is often hard to identify. The category of gender plays an important role throughout the grammar of Hinuq. Nouns belong to five different genders, whose assignment is only partially based on the semantics.

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