By John Peterson
Kharia, spoken in central-eastern India, is a member of the southern department of the Munda kin, which varieties the western department of the Austro-Asiatic phylum, stretching from critical India to Vietnam. the current research presents the main wide description of Kharia to this point and covers all significant components of the grammar. Of specific curiosity within the number of Kharia defined right here, is that there's no facts for assuming the life of parts-of-speech, comparable to noun, adjective and verb. particularly services corresponding to reference, amendment and predication are expressed through one in every of syntactic constructions, mentioned right here as 'syntagmas'. the quantity should be of equivalent curiosity to common linguists from the fields of typology, linguistic idea, areal linguistics, Munda linguistics in addition to South Asianists commonly.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Kharia: A South Munda Language
45 minutes and were generally conducted alone with male consultants but generally in groups of two female consultants, who often initially felt uneasy working alone with a foreign man. During my first two visits to Jharkhand in 2001 and 2002, Hindi was the language of consultation, except with Mr. Anil Kullu, with whom English was used. However, beginning with the third trip to Jharkhand in 2003, all interviews were conducted monolingually in Kharia. ariah1rnl 16 CHAP1ERONE southern and western Simdega district in one group and those from other regions in the other.
Only time will tell to what extent present attempts at preserving the language are successful. Although the language has certainly taken on a large number of traits from Indo-Aryan (cf. Malhotra, 1982 and Abbi, 1993; 1997), it has survived up to the present and the number of people speaking it has even increased substantially in the past 30 years, despite all earlier forecasts. 2 GENETIC AFFILIATIONS The Munda languages together form the western branch of the AustroAsiatic phylum, which extends from Central India to Vietnam.
There is also a small movement which aims at introducing an orthography based on the Roman alphabet. This movement, however, is currently very limited in terms of the number of its supporters. cative, referential or attributive function, where appropriate. 20 CHAP1ERONE Although almost all Kharia would thus probably agree that Devanagari is the proper medium for writing their language, there is as yet no generally accepted standard orthography, neither 1. for the representation of certain sounds, particularly the glottal stop and the pre-glottalized consonants, nor 2.