By Ericka Costa, Lee D. Parker, Michele Andreaus
This e-book addresses the problems and functioning of accounting and responsibility for social and non-profit businesses. It offers examine papers that handle the restrictions of traditional accounting, the that means of responsibility, and the possibility of social and environmental accounting for those companies.
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Additional info for Accountability and Social Accounting for Social and Non-profit Organizations
24–25). The emergence of NPOs in both the United States and Europe has been mainly evident in the late 1970s and 1980s, when structural societal problems, that could not be easily solved by the government (the State), came to light. This was accompanied by a global trend towards economic rationalist political philosophies that produced a preoccupation with low taxation, small government, downsizing, commercialization and corporatization of public sector organizations and the transfer of direct delivery of many former government services to outside providers (English, Guthrie, & Parker, 2003; Parker, 2012).
Despite considerable diversity in the kinds of organizations belonging to the non-profit sector, non-profit studies form a coherent and valuable line of academic research, one warranting further investigation and new perspectives (Steinberg & Powell, 2006). Generally speaking NPOs could be defined as: ‘private, formally-organized enterprises, with autonomy of decision and freedom of membership, created to meet their members’ needs through the market by producing goods and providing services, insurance and finance, where decision-making and any distribution of profits or surpluses among the members are not directly linked to the capital or fees contributed by each member, each of whom has one vote, or at all events take place through democratic and participative decision-making processes’ (Monzón-Campos & Chaves Ávila, 2012, p.
2006). Theorising accountability for NGO advocacy. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 19(3), 349–376. United Nations Statistics Division. (2003). Handbook on nonprofit institutions in the system of national accounts. Series F, No. 91. F/91. New York, NY: United Nations. , & Madsen, P. (2009). Transparency: The new ICT-driven ethics? Ethics and Information Technology, 11(2), 113–122. Weisbrod, B. (1998). Institutional form and organizational behavior. In W. W. Powell & E. S. ), Private action and the public good (pp.