By Luo Shiming, Stephen R. Gliessman
During the earlier 30 years, industrialization has essentially replaced conventional rural existence and agricultural practices in China. whereas the earning of farmers have elevated, critical matters were raised in regards to the setting, source depletion, and nutrition safeguard. In reaction, the chinese language executive and chinese language scientists inspired eco-agriculture, the perform of agroecology ideas and philosophy, that allows you to lessen the damaging outcomes of large-scale industrialized platforms of farming.
Agroecology in China: technology, perform, and Sustainable Management
represents the paintings of specialists and leaders who've taught, researched, and elevated chinese language agroecology and eco-agriculture for greater than 30 years. It stories a long time of agricultural swap to supply an built-in research of the development of study and improvement in agroecological farming practices.
The publication includes learn on conventional and newly constructed agricultural structures in China, together with intercropping platforms, rainfall harvest platforms, and rice–duck, rice–fish, and rice–frog co-culture structures. It covers present eco-agriculture practices within the significant areas of China based on weather stipulations. The e-book closes with a dialogue of the foremost technical ways, worthy coverage aid, and attainable significant improvement phases that needs to happen to permit broader agroecological implementations towards the sustainability of destiny nutrition platforms in China.
Presenting eco-agriculture structures which are a bit of specified compared to these of the us, Latin the USA, and Europe, Agroecology in China provides perception on how chinese language agroecologists, lower than the political and cultural platforms particular to China, have created a powerful beginning for ecologically sound agroecosystem layout and administration that may be utilized and tailored to nutrition structures in other places on this planet. by utilizing chosen neighborhood examinations of agroecological efforts in China as examples, this e-book offers versions of ways to behavior study on a large diversity of agroecosystems discovered worldwide.
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Extra resources for Agroecology in China : science, practice, and sustainable management
2011). Interest is growing in carbon sequestration by the biochar method in farm fields. Circular agriculture research has been actively supported by the National Scientific Foundation, the Ministry of Sciences and Technology, and various provincial funding sources since 2000. 12. Because intercropping and rotation are traditional Chinese agricultural practices, they became the hot subject of research very early in China, and many articles on these topics were published long before 1980. 12 Number of articles in Chinese literature from 1980 to 2013 with topics related to biodiversity use in agroecosystem.
Grass carp (Ctenopharynodo nidellus) grow in the middle layer of the pond and use grass as their food source. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and silver carp (Carassius auratus) can tolerate low oxygen levels and live at the bottom of the fish pond. They are omnivorous and help to clean up the pond by consuming debris that drops from the upper layers. A mixture of these fish species in a fish pond can increase feed efficiency and reduce fish diseases. Crop and animal co-culture systems such as the fish–rice co-culture system and the duck– rice co-culture system are also traditional practices in China.
Pig waste goes to the biogas tank, which is built inside the greenhouse. After fermentation, biogas is used for cooking pig feed and heating the greenhouse. The sludge from the biogas tank is used as organic fertilizer for vegetable production. The “three in one” system includes pigs, biogas tanks, and fruit trees. The biogas tank is built within tropical or subtropical orchards where winters are warm enough to generate biogas all year round. By the end of 2011, 40 million households had biogas tanks, accounting for 23% of rural households in China.