By Douglas L. Cairns
This can be the 1st examine in English to envision some of the most an important phrases in Greek moral and social discourse, aidos, inside of quite a lot of Greek literature. normally rendered "shame," "modesty," or "respect," aidos is among the such a lot elusive and tough Greek phrases to translate. Dr. Cairns discusses the character and alertness of aidos and different suitable phrases in a few authors; with specific emphasis on their manifestations in epic, tragedy, and philosophy. He exhibits that the essence of the concept that is to be present in its courting with Greek values of honor, within which context it may realize and reply to the glory of either the self and others. It hence contains either self- and different- concerning habit, aggressive and cooperative values.
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Extra info for Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature
2-6 nay, they actually decided to withdraw from their position in the night, and orders Such was for the voyage were issued to the pilots. of any other course ; the crisis when Themistocles, distressed to think that the Hellenes should abandon the advantages to be had from the narrowness of the straits wliere they and break up into detachments by cities, planned and concocted the famous affair of Sicinnus. This Sicinnus was of Persian stock, a prisoner of war, but devoted to Themistocles, and the paedagogue of his children.
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With this object to Sparta, ostensibly on an embassy, and when the Spartans brought up the charge that the Athenians were fortifying their city, and Polyarchus was sent expressly from Aegina with the same accusation, he denied that it was so, and bade them send men to Athens to see for themselves, not only because this delay would secure time for the building of the wall, but also because he wished the Athenians to hold these envoys as hostages for his own person. And this was what actually happened.