By Charles B. Cushman
What does Congress do? How does it do it? Why is it any such complex establishment? This concise primer bargains scholars and common readers a quick and systematic advent to Congress and the function it performs within the US political method. Drawing on his adventure as a former Congressional employees member, the writer explores different political natures of the home and Senate, examines Congress's interplay with different branches of the government, and appears forward to the family and overseas demanding situations which are more likely to force the Congressional schedule for many years to come back. The publication offers revealing insights into the sometimes-contradictory Congressional tasks of illustration and lawmaking; oversight and appropriation; and handling and organizing the govt.. It features a case research (on the formation of the dept of place of birth defense) that sheds mild on Congress's often-complicated strategies. The ebook additionally contains boxed positive factors on Congressional motion - highlighting such subject matters as dossier sharing and scholar loans - that convey scholars how Congress's paintings impacts their lives. Chapter-ending lists of net assets upload to the book's usefulness.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the U.s. Congress
Each chapter ends with a list of interesting Web sites that expand on what the chapter covers. At the end of the book is a selected bibliography that collects the major sources mentioned in the footnotes throughout the book. Armed with this premise of the complexity of public policymaking and some idea of the centrality of Congress to the process, we can explore what Congress does and how it does it. Before we examine Congress today, though, we need to see where the institution came from and how it has evolved since the First Congress opened for business in 1789.
To preserve their rights as Englishmen, they had to fight against this rising tyranny from London. When Parliament, supporting the king, sought to force compliance with the new taxes, the colonists’ worst fears were realized: as the Whigs had after the Glorious Revolution, the colonists saw corruption at the root of the English government. They had no choice but to declare independence and create a new nation. Following their victory at Yorktown in 1781 and the end of the war with 34 ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF THE CONGRESSIONAL SYSTEM the Peace of Paris in 1784, the leaders of the new United States of America found themselves in trouble.
71 The Framers did not anticipate the rise and power of political parties in the United States, but they knew Congress would have to respond to competing groups of citizens. The Framers could already see something like national parties forming in their own time, which James Madison called “factions” in his Federalist No. 10. 72 The Framers made up two broad factions: Federalists who supported the new Constitution, and anti-Federalists who opposed it. 73 So in this early period, Washington was a remote place to most Americans, and the House of Representatives was the engine of most political discussion and action.