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Download e-book for iPad: Arabic: an essential grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

"Arabic: an important Grammar is an updated and sensible reference advisor to an important elements of the language. compatible for newcomers, in addition to intermediate scholars, this ebook deals a robust origin for studying the basic grammar buildings of Arabic. The complexities of the language are set out briefly, readable sections and workouts and examples are supplied throughout."--BOOK JACKET. 1. The Arabic Script, Transliteration, Alphabet 2. Pronunciation of Consonants three. Punctuation, Handwriting four. Vowels five. Saddah, Noun circumstances, Nunation because the Indefinite shape 6. lengthy Vowels 7. Hamzah, the Maddah signal eight. sure Articles nine. solar and Moon Letters 10. Gender eleven. Conjunctions, Prepositions, the Particle 12. The Idafah building thirteen. quantity, twin, Plural 14. ideal annoying Verbs, Roots and Radicals 15. Separate own Pronouns, Suffix Pronouns sixteen. Demonstrative Pronouns 17. Imperfect demanding Verbs 18. Derived Verb types 19. Passive Verbs 20. ideas for Writing the Hamsah 21. damaged Plurals, Collective Nouns 22. Diptotes and Triptotes 23. Participles, Verbal Nouns 24. Interrogative debris and Pronouns, Vocative debris 25. Adjectival styles 26. Inna and its Sisters, Kana and its Sisters 27. Relative Pronouns, Relative Clauses 28. Moods 29. Doubled Verbs 30. Verbs with Hamzah 31. Verbs with the vulnerable preliminary Radical 32. Verbs with the vulnerable center Radical 33. Verbs with the vulnerable ultimate Radical 34. Cardinal Numbers 35. Ordinal Numbers 36. Exceptions 37. Verbs of ask yourself 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 39. Conditional Sentences

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This is to avoid misunderstandings at this ˙ stage. (16) ba¯ rı-su Paris su¯riyya¯ Syria a¯ dilan just hubu¯tin ˙ lowering (17) ba¯ sˇa¯ pasha wa¯ g˘ iban duty g˘ a¯ su¯san spy duru¯fun hirrı-g˘ an ˘ ¯ ˙circumstances graduate (18) bahha¯ run ˙˙ sailor (19) bah-ı lan ˘ stingy sawwa¯ nin ˙ flint su a¯ lan cough dala¯ mun ˙¯ darkness mu adda¯ tun equipment mustasˇa¯ rin adviser manqu¯sˇin engraved abı-dan slaves naha¯ to forbid (20) hamran ˘ wine muha¯ g˘ irun emigrant siya¯ hin ˙ ˙ shouting ha¯ g˘ ara to emigrate dubba¯ tun ˙ ˙ officers (21) zawg˘ an husband a¯ man year minsˇa¯ run saw zayya¯ tun oil-seller na¯ tu¯run ˙ guard fawa¯ riqu differences hursˇu¯fun ˘ artichoke ad-ımun ˙¯ great faransiyyun Frenchman tazawwag˘ a to marry mahsu¯sin ˘˙ ˙ special zawa¯ riqu boats hartu¯sˇan ˘ ˙ bullets (22) badawiyyin ta a¯ wunin g˙ adı-rin Bedouin co-operation pool (23) ba¯ raza to duel za¯ ra to visit (24) ira¯ qiyyun hazza¯ nan ˘ Iraqi reservoir siya¯ mun ˙ fasting 25 Chapter 7 Hamzah (hamzatu l-qat i) and the maddah sign ˙ Hamzah or hamzatu l-qat i, ‫ﻊ‬ ِ ‫ﻄ‬ ْ ‫َﻫْﻤَﺰُة ْﻟَﻘ‬, means the cutting ˙ or disjunctive hamzah.

Atun/ do not take the extra ˙ final alif ‫ ـﺎ‬... in the indefinite accusative form. So the correct form is ‫ﻃـﺎِﻟـَﺒـًﺔ‬ َ ta¯ libatan (not: ‫ﻃـﺎِﻟـَﺒـًﺘﺎ‬ ). َ ˙ Note c: At the end of a sentence the final vowel of a word is normally not pronounced. Even ta¯ marbu¯ tah is usually left unpronounced at the end of a ˙ sentence, as in ‫ﻃﺎِﻟَﺒٌﺔ‬ َ /t˙a¯ liba(h)/ for /t˙a¯ libatun/ (cf. chapter 4). g. g. e. names of countries, cities, towns, villages, etc. are treated as feminine. e. g. g. g. 8 There are also two other feminine endings.

I (am) a student. ˙ ‫َأْﻟَﻮَﻟُﺪ ُﻫَﻨﺎَك‬ al-waladu huna¯ ka. The boy (is) there. ‫ ُﻫْﻢ ُﻋ َّﻤﺎٌل‬hum 32 al-qittu marı-dun. The cat (is) ill. ˙˙ ˙ umma¯ lun. They (are) workers. 7 Verbal sentence and word order A verbal sentence contains a verb, and has the following basic word order: verb + subject + object or complement Definite article, nominal and verbal sentences, adjectives The subject is normally in the nominative case. The direct object, which may occur only with transitive verbs, is in the accusative case.

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