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Download e-book for kindle: Architecture of Italy (Reference Guides to National by Jean Castex

By Jean Castex

Covering all areas of Italy—from Turin's Palace of work in northern Italy to the Monreale Cathedral and Cloister in Sicily—and all sessions of Italian architecture—from the first-century Colosseum in Rome to the Casa Rustica flats in-built Milan within the 1930s—this quantity examines over 70 of Italy's most vital architectural landmarks. Writing in an authoritative but enticing type, Jean Castex, professor of architectural heritage on the Versailles tuition of structure, describes the good points, capabilities, and ancient significance of every constitution. in addition to idetifying position, variety, architects, and classes of preliminary development and significant renovations, the cross-referenced and illustrated entries additionally spotlight architectural and historic phrases defined within the Glossay and finish with an invaluable directory of extra info assets. the quantity additionally deals ready-reference lists of entries via position, architectural type, and period of time, in addition to a basic bibliography, a close topic index, and a accomplished introductory evaluate of Italian architecture.

Entries conceal significant architectural constructions in addition to smaller websites, together with every thing from the well known dome of St. Peter's on the Vatican to the Fiat Lingotto Plant in Turin. excellent for faculty and highschool scholars, in addition to for basic readers, this complete examine the structure of Italy is an crucial addition to each architectural reference collection.

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Alberti’s book, De Re Aedificatoria, was written between 1447 and 1452 and presented to the humanist pope Nicolas V. Both Vitruvius and Alberti’s books explain what is meant by architecture, how it should be considered, what its goals are, and how they are to be achieved. For the next five centuries, they would be central to discussions of architectural thought and practice. Architecture should bring harmony (called “concinnitas”) and rely on proper building techniques, on accommodating social uses and functions (called “commoditas”), and above all communicate a sense of beauty based on good proportions.

He decided first to comment on a book that had been found in 1414 in the abbey of Saint Gall, Switzerland. It was written by the ancient Roman Vitruvius during the first century bce and its contents had been largely forgotten outside of monasteries. Alberti then decided to write a book giving his own “model of thinking” on architecture, what we call architectural theory today, based on this ancient work. Alberti’s book, De Re Aedificatoria, was written between 1447 and 1452 and presented to the humanist pope Nicolas V.

Byzantine architects and craftsmen were largely responsible for the Basilica of San Marco in Venice (1064–1094). Strong maritime and trade connections with the Eastern (Byzantine) Empire explain why and how the Venetians could borrow from Byzantine churches such as Saint John the Evangelist at Ephesus (now in Turkey). The “cross of domes” (five domes on a Greek cross plan) of San Marco had no successors in Italy except the church of Saint Anthony in Padua (Il Santo), which was begun nearly two centuries later (1231) and contains a cross of six domes—the nave is longer than the transepts (the side arms of the cross) and so has two domes instead of one.

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