By Brian P. Cleary
This obtainable, lighthearted examine language introduces homonyms and homophones. Playful rhymes and comical cartoons make either ideas memorable. each one corresponding pair of homonyms and homophones is outlined in colour for simple id. on the finish, readers are challenged to use what they have discovered - and they're going to celebrate doing so.
By Steven Franks, Norbert Hornstein (auth.), Richard K. Larson, Sabine Iatridou, Utpal Lahiri, James Higginbotham (eds.)
The articles during this quantity grew from papers offered on the workshop on keep watch over held on the Massachusetts Institute of expertise, March 1989. The paintings of a few of the authors comes at a second in linguistic conception that's amazing for 2 advancements. First, there was expanding involvement of syntactic concept in semantics and of semantic conception in syntax, with the outcome that the sorting of evidence into syntactic and semantic has develop into a extra complicated and theory-laden affair. moment, there was a massive progress either within the breadth and intensity of stories in languages except English. either one of those enhance ments have left their mark at the authors, without delay and in a roundabout way. they've got additionally been answerable for the shifts that experience given the main terminology its current variety of software. during this advent we speak about the history to the problems that have been really sought after either on the workshop and within the authors' ultimate drafts. We additionally com ment at the spirit of inquiry that they characterize. Our aim is to supply a few orientation to the categorical contents of the essays and to provide fabric for mirrored image on a collection of difficulties that would no doubt improve and deepen as quickly within the foreseeable destiny as they've got within the contemporary past.
Download e-book for kindle: Measuring Grammatical Complexity by Frederick J. Newmeyer, Laurel B. Preston
By Frederick J. Newmeyer, Laurel B. Preston
This publication examines the query of even if languages can vary in grammatical complexity and, if that is so, how relative complexity changes can be measured. the quantity differs from others dedicated to the query of complexity in language in that the authors all process the matter from the perspective of formal grammatical idea, psycholinguistics, or neurolinguistics. Chapters examine a few key concerns in grammatical complexity, taking phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic issues into consideration. those contain what's referred to as the 'trade-off problem', particularly no matter if complexity in a single grammatical part is inevitably balanced by way of simplicity in one other; and the query of interpretive complexity, that's, even if and the way one may well degree the trouble for the hearer in assigning aspiring to an utterance and the way such complexity could be factored in to an total complexity review.
Measuring Grammatical Complexity brings jointly a couple of amazing students within the box, and should be of curiosity to linguists of all theoretical stripes from complex undergraduate point upwards, relatively these operating within the parts of morphosyntax, psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, and cognitive linguistics.
By Margaret Thomas
From the traditional Mediterranean global to the current day, our conceptions of what's common in language have interacted with our studies of language studying. This publication tells tales: the tale of the way students within the west have conceived of the truth that human languages percentage very important houses regardless of their seen variations, and the tale of the way westerners have understood the character of moment or international language learning.In narrating those tales, the writer argues that sleek moment language acquisition conception must think again what counts as its personal prior. The booklet addresses Greek contributions to the prehistory of common grammar, Roman bilingualism, the emergence of the 1st international language grammars within the early center a while, and the Medieval speculative grammarians efforts to outline the necessities of human language. the writer exhibits how after the renaissance multiplied people's expertise of language changes, students again to the questions of universals within the context of moment language studying, together with within the 1660 Port-Royal grammar which Chomsky notoriously celebrated in Cartesian Linguistics. The booklet then appears to be like at how Post-Saussurean eu linguistics and American structuralism as much as sleek generative grammar have each one in a different way conceived of universals and language learning.Universal Grammar in moment Language Acquisition is a impressive contribution to the background of linguistics and should be crucial studying for college students and students of linguistics, experts in moment language acquisition and language teacher-educators.
Download e-book for iPad: Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics by Susan D. Rothstein
By Susan D. Rothstein
The papers during this quantity examine the semantics of point from either a theoretical and a crosslinguistic viewpoint, in a variety of languages from a couple of varied language households. The papers are all proficient by means of the assumption thorough publicity to the expression of element crosslinguistically is important for growth in realizing how the semantics of point works and what the semantic foundation of aspectual differences is. The languages mentioned comprise Russian, English, Dutch, Hebrew, Mandarin, eastern and Kalaallisut. the problems mentioned during this quantity contain the centrality of measuring and counting in an figuring out of telicity; the significance of the singular/plural contrast within the examine of element; the significance of homogeneity as a estate of occasion kinds; the pliability of lexical sessions; and the interplay among expressions of point and the actual morphosyntactic constitution of a language.
By Jenneke A. Oosterhoff
Basic Dutch: A Grammar and Workbook includes an available reference grammar and similar routines in one volume.
This Workbook provides twenty-five person grammar issues in reasonable contexts, supplying a grammatical procedure on the way to permit scholars now not already conversant in those buildings to turn into familiar with their use. Grammar issues are by means of examples and workouts permitting scholars to augment and consolidate their learning.
Suitable for sophistication use or self-study, simple Dutch introduces Dutch tradition and other people during the medium of the language used at the present time, delivering scholars with the elemental instruments to specific themselves in a large choice of situations.
• helpful routines and an entire resolution key
• grammar tables for simple reference
• widespread comparative references to English grammar
• an appendix of abnormal verbs
• an index of grammatical phrases.
By Gisella Ferraresi, Maria Goldbach
It is a choice of state of the art papers within the box of syntactic reconstruction. It treats various issues that are consultant of present debates in old syntax. the newness and benefit of the current ebook is, the editors think, that, not like so much prior paintings on diachronic syntax, it combines the views of the conventional philological learn on syntactic reconstruction with the insights of recent syntactic concept, because it is emphasized within the Foreword via Giuseppe Longobardi. the amount comprises articles by way of well-recognized researchers in old linguistics with a spotlight on syntactic swap. within the current quantity syntactic reconstruction is mentioned from various angles, together with historic linguistics, phenomena of language touch, generative methods in addition to typological and variationist learn. within the articles, languages from a various variety of households are mentioned, together with Indo-European, North and South Caucasian, Sino-Tibetan, and Turkic.
Download e-book for kindle: Linguistics in a Systemic Perspective by James D. Benson, Michael J. Cummings, William S. Greaves
By James D. Benson, Michael J. Cummings, William S. Greaves
Presents a basic advent to systemic linguistics within the kind of essays written via best figures within the box. those are, with one exception, now not formerly released, and brought jointly they represent a finished assurance of the varied pursuits of systemic concept.
By E. Haeberli
Features, different types, and the Syntax of A-Positions investigates quite a few elements of the distribution of nominal arguments, and specifically the cross-linguistic edition that may be chanced on one of the Germanic languages during this area of the syntax. The empirical themes which are mentioned comprise variable vs. fastened argument order, the distribution of matters with appreciate to adjuncts, expletive buildings, and indirect subjecthood. those and plenty of different phenomena are analyzed inside a theoretical framework that's in keeping with the Minimalist software. The booklet argues that the conventional theoretical units accounting for the distribution of arguments in generative syntax (abstract Case, the prolonged Projection precept) will be eradicated from the grammar and that their obvious results should be derived from the characteristic requisites of syntactic different types. moreover, it really is proven that a number of points of the cross-linguistic version present in the syntax of arguments will be concerning version within the area of inflectional morphology.